The 5 strongest learning methods that have been verified and recognized by the experimental research of brain science.
Note that the method is not a skill, it belongs to the big branch, and the following can be expanded, but like Feynman and the like only belong to the skill, because the big branch (that is, the learning method) to which Feynman belongs is the output method, Feynman is just one of the forms , And review, think of the discussion, and then the output form of many white paper reproductions such as map summary and graphical representation are the same level, all belong to small branches.
The five strongest learning methods recognized by the five brain sciences are:
1. Retrieval exercises (test), 2. Interactive exercises, 3. Various exercises, 4. Decentralized learning, 5. Refined learning
Among them, 1 and 4 are the most critical, which are the two most basic and necessary efficient learning methods obtained by American brain scientists after studying almost all existing learning methods in the world.
1. Retrieval practice is a method of repeated testing after learning, Check forgot or not, remember the practice.
In fact, people can’t make memories settle by inputting (reading, reading, listening, etc.), but they must fix the memory by thinking of it.
For example, you have to confirm after reading the textbook and answering the following questions, because this is an exercise of “remembering the knowledge you entered once”-answering the question does not mean that you have mastered it after learning, “These appear in Where is the textbook?, “You can say that in your own words! “After reviewing, remembering and thinking, the work is finished.
If you can’t remember, you should continue to go back to the textbook to confirm, until you are convinced.
This remembered assignment is the most important and critical step in the memory-understanding of learning (memory) steps.
In addition, whether it is a textbook, a question set, or a reference book, you cannot enter the text at the beginning to read or make a question. You must quickly browse from beginning to end, make a memory for the memory, make an impression, grasp the whole picture, and start to read carefully again At the time, because of the existing impression, the corners and corners can also be roughly understood and distinguished between primary and secondary, which is in line with the conclusion that 50% of the scientific research is known +50% of reading when unknown, memory concentration and motivation will be the most efficient conclusions.
In fact, there is another advantage to doing this. The first impression can stimulate the existing impression when reading the second time. The brain will spontaneously think about it, and this is definitely a good sign for learning.
People often have delusions unconsciously, but they just don’t know. For example, knowing = remembered, understood, already done, similar illusions, everyone may make frequent mistakes.
So, you can really check whether you really will, understand, and remember this retrieval exercise.
Use test to test yourself.
Commonly used test methods are to fill in the blanks that cover important parts, and ask yourself to answer.
The most taboo in learning is to be ambiguous and unclear, and only after a lot of repeated output (review) can knowledge be turned into something that can be used, one’s own.
I used to like to play football. I also bought a book that teaches various techniques of playing football. However, I only did a few actions because the other actions did not match the person who practiced.
I used to love Filipino short sticks, because as long as there are sticks, muscle endurance training without boxing and boxing can also win a trick. I also have a whole set of teaching videos, but in the end I didn’t learn any tricks, because I only watched only Remember, I have never done any practice.
After the study, 3 quizzes and 1 quiz will be tested, and the final results will be very poor. Many experiments have been done all over the world.
The current “cramming education” feels very problematic, but to be honest, “cramming education” itself should be no problem, the problem is that “cramming education” lacks a key step, namely “cramming education” At the same time, there must be a large number of repeated outputs corresponding to it to be effective.
Only “cramming ducks” and not “spitting out” are the source of the problem.
Personality learning methods actually include test. Various studies have shown that many of our creativity and personality learning can be formed and trained through self-test.
Similar to “cramming education”, there are also many students with outstanding school achievements who have problems, and the reality of various problems after entering the society.
Being smart and learning well does not mean that you can make full use of what you have learned, and that knowledge that represents excellent grades is of little practical use in society.
Knowledge, if you don’t know how to apply it, then this knowledge is a “sludge”, dead knowledge.
Because creativity can be trained through test, and various methods of utilizing knowledge can also be mastered through test, etc. At this time, one aspect of personality will appear.
Knowledge cannot be used effectively, insufficient test and insufficient output are the biggest reasons.
2. Interactive exercises
The method of finding common ground and common rules by touching random questions of different types.
Most students will do it in order from the beginning after buying or getting the question set or the practice test paper arranged by the teacher. The fact is that the efficiency of doing so is not good.
After doing the first question, skip to the last and do the last question. Anyway, it is the practice of not playing cards in order, but it is highly efficient.
This is the skill of interactive practice.
Different types of questions, different contents of different questions, and different forms of questions are randomly intertwined. You need to use snacks to find common points, and then the ability to apply knowledge will be doubled.
In fact, no matter what kind of problems will occur in the exam or in the daily correspondence, what kind of problems will occur, what kind of context will be used to seek knowledge, etc., we cannot predict.
Therefore, through interactive practice, you can adapt your thinking to reality, make your thinking more active, and truly enable your knowledge to be used.
3. Various exercises
The main result of the various exercises will be to improve your classification ability.
In fact, it is like another saying of cross-learning, which is also what I said about switching learning, using the principles of Pomodoro management and short-time decentralized learning, the content or learning subjects at the beginning of a break after learning, and the switching of learning subjects, as well as learning questions Type transformation.
For example, learning mathematics a while ago, answering questions, learning English a while after a break, the same way to answer questions, or learning mathematics a while ago, using a question answering method, and continuing to study a while after a break Math, but do it by choosing the correct answer.
In short, it is necessary to use more switching, and the efficiency will be improved. Not to mention, it is not easy to make yourself bored. This is also worth doing.
4. Decentralized learning
I won’t say much about this. I have introduced too much in the past. After studying, you can use time intervals to review the method and make good use of the forgetting curve.
Please keep in mind that decentralized learning is decentralized review. The same content is kept for input review and output review, and it is not to review before the peak season, but to review at a time when it will be forgotten, this efficiency will be greatly improved.
In short, the timing of review is far greater than the review method.
In addition, the first review after learning is especially important. It is best to complete it within 20 minutes to a few hours, and then quickly and frequently do input review several times within 24 hours, such as a 40-second review after study, free time After many quick browsing, you can make a big output at night. After reading it, you can recall it, and then reproduce it in white paper (map summary, iconization, write summary, etc.). After confirming that it is correct, output it to blogs, emails, etc. Above (the benefits are found in my article), it is best to do a quick confirmation before going to bed, and then do a quick confirmation after getting up early the next day, and then you can start to do output review, do exercises and exercises and other applications.
It doesn’t matter if you review the time later.
As long as you follow this timeline, you can go deep into your brain for almost a day and two days. No matter how you can make the day you finish the day (within 24 hours), you get used to it. It will become more and more easy to learn each subject gradually. .
5. Refined learning
Refined learning is one of the learning methods of infinite learning. It is a re-language learning method and an important method for understanding and memory.
For example, after reading the article, it is necessary to summarize the content of the offer, which is of course good for memory and recall, but instead of making the original offer according to the text on the article, it is to understand what you have learned and use the simplest words you know. Replacement, plus instructions related to using your own experience, etc., written language is re-language organization and re-language.
The goal is to understand what a 10-year-old child can understand.
This is the touchstone of whether the article is really understood, and it is easier to remember by replacing it with your own language and simple language that you are familiar with. It can be a perfect combination of 2 steps of memory + understanding.
For example, a lot of quantum mechanics have been mentioned in the military field now. It is a bit confusing, but when you examine the essence, it turns out to be a calculation problem of the ranks of your own experience. In this way, use your own experience to replace the description + association description. It will become simple and easy.
As another example, when I was exposed to psychology, no matter how I searched the data or the dictionary, many things were incomprehensible, but once they were related to some real people with real memories, the understanding became easier and the explanation was easier.
This process of understanding from failure to successful understanding at the end is the result of each challenge, but it is also a clue to remember. It can still be used when a simple explanation is needed, and it will help increase the speed of mastery.
When students apply these scientific methods in practice, they should consider their own actual situations and organically combine them into their daily learning. After a period of trial, if they are indeed effective, then they will unwaveringly transform them into their own. habit.